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QRL Web Wallet - Backup

The process to backup the Web wallet is simple. The wallet gives a few options for backing up an address during the address creation process. Chose any of these methods to backup your QRL address.

Additionally after the wallet is created the recovery seed can be displayed for backup allowing future backups to be made.


The backup data must be tested and confirmed to open the same public address directly after creating it, before funds are deposited. This ensures the validity of the data and the ability to open the wallet in the future!

General Information

There are a few ways that the private keys for an address are represented. Any of these recovery methods will suffice to open the address in the future.

Recovery Key MediumInformation
Mnemonic Phrase
  • Wordlist consisting of 34 selected words from the master QRL wordlist
  • Available using backup functions of the wallet applications
  • Provided during most address generation steps
  • Available using backup functions of the wallet applications
  • Hexstring consisting of 102 mixed alpha numeric characters
  • Provided during most address generation processes, or found in a "Backup Wallet" function
wallet.json file
  • Contains both Hexseed and Mnemonic as well as the Public Key
  • May be encrypted (recommended) and passphrase will be required to open
  • Generated from the Desktop, Web and CLI wallet applications

The medium used to store the data is as important as storing the backup securely.

Strong, long lasting methods are recommended and if used properly will lead to a successful long term backup.

Test your backups!

Recovery of funds is dependent on the correctness of the backup data. Open the Wallet using the backup data directly after creating a new address to check that it works!


Backup the QRL Web Wallet following these instructions.

During Address Creation

During the creation of a new address the web wallet will prompt for the user to save the private details of their new address.This information must be saved in order to open the new wallet address.

After entering a passphrase for the encrypted wallet file, the system will prompt the user to save the mnemonic or secret key, or download the wallet file.

All of these methods will work to access the address in the future and are intrinsically the same thing.

Backup Options

  • Write down either the mnemonic phrase or hexseed onto offline media like paper an pen and store in a secure location.
  • Save a copy of the digital wallet file into multiple locations. The encrypted version uses the passphrase given during address creation to AES encrypt the data in the wallet file. This passphrase will be required to open the wallet at a later date.
  • Copy either the mnemonic phrase or the hexseed into a digital file and backup on an external medium like a flash drive or hard drive

There are considerations to be made for all of the options listed. These solutions may not fit every situation and should be seen as examples not as rules to follow.

Backup an Existing Wallet

After an address has been created, the recovery seed can be located using the web wallet application.

  • With a wallet open browse to the receive tab and select the "View Recovery Seed" option.
  • This will display the hexseed and mnemonic phrase as well as a QR tag that also contains this information.

Copy this information onto another medium and save it in a secure location. You will need one of the recovery keys to open the address, either will work.

Backup Storage

Storage of the backup is crucial to a successful wallet recovery. Remember, decentralization comes with the responsibility to manage the funds.

The selection of backup medium will change how to store the information for the longest amount of time and is overly out of scope for this document. There are some great guides out there for storing wallet keys and they apply to the QRL wallet as well.


Keep the backup secure! Anyone with the secret keys can spend the funds in the wallet.

Recovering a Backup

To recover a wallet you will need to have access to the secret keys of the address. This can be in the form of the mnemonic phrase word list, the hexseed, or the wallet file either plain text or encrypted.

  • Open the web software and select open address.
  • Select the format of the backup to open in the drop down on the right.
  • Enter the data in the field and select "Unlock Wallet"
    • If you use an encrypted wallet file enter the encryption password as well.

The wallet will load and show all transactions that are related to this address.

Troubleshooting Backup Wallets

If there are issues opening the address there are a few things to check.

Wallet File

Either your wallet file is invalid or it is encrypted and you forgot to enter its passphrase.
  • Open the wallet file in a text editor and verify it is in JSON format
  • Do you have the correct encryption passphrase?
    • The wallet.json file may be stored in an AES encrypted state.
    • Without this encryption passphrase there is no recovery of the information in the file.